Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Logan's Station or St. Asaph

Logan's Station or St Asaph marker in Stanford, KYLincoln County, KY
Marker Number 56

Marker Text: Colonel Benjamine Logan settled here after leaving party of Colonel Henderson at Hazel Patch because of settlement plans. Scene of courageous rescue of fallen companion by Logan in Indian attack (1777).

Location:  At Danville Road (U.S. Route 159) and Water Street (Martin Luther King Blvd). Actual site is west beyond creek and past former ice plant. Erected by the Kentucky Department of Highways.

Logan's Station or St Asaph marker on Danville Road on left  Before the creation of the town of Stanford, Kentucky was the settlement established by Col. Benjamin Logan. Due to the threat of native Indian attacks, Col. Logan needed to establish a fort to protect his family and others moving to the area to develop their land.

  Col. Benjamin Logan's Fort or Station which existed from 1777 to 1790 is located one mile west of the Stanford courthouse or about 0.5 miles west from this marker. Logan's Fort set on a slight elevation about fifty yards west of the smaller spring at St. Asaph. The fort was constructed of logs and was 150 feet by 90 feet with blockhouses at three corners and a single cabin at the fourth corner. Gates were located at each end and were raised and lowered by leather thongs. The main gate faced east. Three cabins each formed the north and south walls, which were occupied by William Menniffee, William Whitley and the James Mason families. There were four cabins adjoining occupied by George Clark, Benjamin Logan, Benjamin Pettit and Samuel Coburn.

Logan's Station or St Asaph marker in Stanford, KY  The fort's water came from a spring that lay 50 yards to the east. A tunnel was dug from inside the southeastern blockhouse to the springhouse, which covered the spring. The tunnel was four feet deep and three feet wide. A person could obtain water, undetected, in time of siege by the Indians.

  The land around the fort had been cleared of all trees and vegetative cover so the Indians would not have any cover to approach the fort. The ridge to the south of St. Asaph's Branch was not cleared and most of the firing of Indian guns came from here. The distance, 200 to 250 yards, was too great, and the shot and arrows had little effect.

A Replica of old Logan's Station or Fort at the original site

Photo is the replica of the old fort being constructed by local organization using the same methods used to build the original fort.  Fort is built on the original footprint of the first fort.

  Nicknamed Standing Fort by Indians after they were unsuccessful in capturing or destroying it in May 1777. Over 100 people sought refuge here in 1780. Over time the name was simplified to "Stanford," giving the town its name. Also called Fort St. Asaph after the original name of the settlement, first settled in 1775. No original remains of the fort are known to exist.

  At the foot of the hill, on St. Asaph's Branch, just below the fort, the settlers maintained a gristmill. In all probability, this was the first mill built in Kentucky. During his first visit to the fort in late April of 1778, Daniel Trabue spoke of eating bread - something that could not be obtained at Fort Boonesborough.

Inside view of the replica of old Logan's Station or Fort

Photo is the inside view of the fort.  Construction of the fort is only about 25% complete when photo taken in May, 2011.

  Capt. Briggs drew a sketch of Logan's Fort for Lyman Draper. He stated that Buffalo Spring lay about 200 yards south of the fort and a small branch descended from it with an abrupt high woody bluff above. He also confirmed the subterranean passage that led to the fort spring and that another row of cabins was built and the fort enlarged in 1778.

  In 1996, the first archeological diggings occurred to learn more about the location and construction of the original fort. As a result of these findings a community group has begun the construction of a replica of the original fort to teach coming generations about their early history.

1 comment:

  1. Very informative-I always wondered how Stanford got it's name.

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